Rare mental disorders affect an individual’s thoughts, mood, behavior, and overall mental health. Various factors, for instance, genetic predisposition, environmental factors, and life experiences can cause these conditions. However, some rare mental disorders still go undiagnosed.
In a 2019 World Health Organization (WHO) report, 970 million people suffer from mental disorders.. making mental health a leading cause of disability worldwide.
Among others, depression is the most common mental health disorder globally, affecting more than 264 million people.
One of the rare mental disorders is a communication disorder. These disorders affect a person’s capacity to use, comprehend, or recognize words. The DSM-5 distinguishes four types of communication disorders: Language impairment, speaking impediment, childhood fluency impairment, and social communication impairment.
Firstly, psychotherapy is typically the mainstay of treatment. People who receive therapy can better understand their conditions. Additionally, it can assist in identifying and integrating their split personalities.
Secondly, medication becomes an option. Many DID sufferers battle other mental illnesses like bipolar disorder, anxiety, or depression. Some antidepressants or antipsychotics may assist with the symptoms.
Treatments help lessen and even eliminate some symptoms. Furthermore, when individuals address their underlying stressors, their chances of recovery increase. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps overcome obsessive thinking. Techniques for grounding individuals help them associate with reality.
Moreover, traumatic memories and awareness can benefit from EMDR, also known as eye movement desensitization and reprocessing.
Cognitive behavioral therapy helps overcome health anxiety and orients the person towards daily routine tasks. Furthermore, oral antidepressants like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors also help treat illness anxiety disorder.
A person suffering from this disorder lies about being sick. They may also pose a child as ill. In mild cases, a person may exaggerate the symptoms. However, the person may inflict self-harm, mutilation, or tamper with medical records in severe cases. This disorder is the most painful mental illness.
Symptoms of factitious disorders include:
The factitious disorder results from past traumas, feelings of abandonment in childhood, or a weak sense of self-awareness. These disorders are rare mental disorders. Early diagnosis and treatment, however, are crucial in this disorder. This condition may pose a threat to the patient’s life. It is especially harmful if the patient is a child. Treatment includes counseling sessions that help change the patient’s thinking and behavioral patterns.
Rumination disorder is diagnosed by regurgitating swallowed food. The intention of doing so is to take the food back in again or just throw up. Rumination is a common disorder in infants and children.
However, it is one of the rare mental disorders and can affect older teens and adults, especially people suffering from anxiety or depression.
Eating things that aren’t generally edible, for example, glue, soap, cement, clay, and cigarette ashes, is called pica syndrome. It can be the most painful mental illness as it causes severe lead poisoning.
While children are more likely to suffer from Pica, adults can also experience it. Sometimes, cravings associated with pica occur in pregnant women who are iron or zinc deficient.
Pica is a rare mental disorder. Although many kids, who have pica, gradually outgrow it, some patients require medical attention. Examining the underlying problems affecting these cravings or compulsions is crucial in treating pica.
According to Healthline, multivitamin therapy helps treat Pica. In most cases, the doctor treats the patient symptomatically first.
Treatment for kleptomania involves psychotherapy and medications. Sometimes doctors recommend joining therapy groups. Other times, drugs like Naltrexone help lower the urge to steal in Kleptomania. Whereas SSRIs, which are antidepressants, are also effective. A patient might have to take a combination of medications to keep kleptomania under control.
Histrionic disorders are rare mental disorders. Treatment involves group therapy, behavioral therapy, and supportive therapy. A doctor may prescribe oral medications if he sees signs of OCD as well.
Inhalant-use disorder characterized by an addictive disorder. In this disorder, a person gets constant urges to smell volatile substances. The petrol or paint fumes can cause severe nausea, vomiting, and dizziness.
In extreme cases may lead to a fainting spell or even death. This condition is one of the rarest mental disorders.