There are four types of Diabetes Insipidus including:
Central diabetes insipidus results from Vasopressin not producing enough in the brain. The region of the brain that is responsible for the production and release of Vasopressin is Hypothalamus. Hypothalamus situates near to pituitary gland, and when the levels of ADH drop, this gland releases Vasopressin into the system. Vasopressin regulates water retention in the body. Hence, if the body cannot produce ADH, the water eliminates through urine.
Causes of Central Diabetes Insipidus include:
In this condition, the body produces the required Vasopressin. However, the kidneys lack response to the hormone as they should.
Causes of Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus Include:
In dipsogenic diabetes insipidus, Hypothalamus issues make a person excessively thirsty, resulting in more water intake and frequent urination.
Causes of Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus include:
Taking Diabetes Insipidus VS SIADH further, Physicians run elaborate tests to identify the type and cause of Diabetes Insipidus.
Diabetes Insipidus labs include:
Treatment of Diabetes Insipidus includes drinking liquids to prevent dehydration. However, this can cause many other problems, for example, low sodium levels. Hence, your physician may refer you to an endocrinologist for proper treatment. Some specific treatments are:
In some cases, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus goes away on its own. However, if a medicine is causing nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, switching them can be a solution.
Keeping calcium and potassium levels regulated in your blood also helps with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
The physician may also prescribe a drug called thiazide, which may lower the frequency of urination.
Diabetes Insipidus VS SIADH: An effective way to treat Dipsogenic DI is yet to reach us. However, there are some conventional ways to overcome the symptoms. For example, sucking on ice chips helps with frequent thirst.
In addition, your physician may also advise you on taking small Desmopressin doses. Desmopressin helps in controlling urination.
Diabetes Insipidus VS SIADH: Desmopressin is the drug of choice to treat gestational DI. Moreover, it is safe to take during pregnancy. The mother’s placental hormones do not affect Desmo as they do Vasopressin, so it becomes an effective treatment.
Albeit, gestational DI goes away once the mother gives birth. However, it may reappear if the mother gets pregnant again.
There are no tests to diagnose SIADH. However, physicians perform tests to check ADH levels in the body, but the results may take up to 2 weeks to come out. In addition, a physician may run tests to cheche then checks the fluid status in the body. Some of the lab tests that help diagnose SIADH are:
Your doctor will choose a specific course of SIADH treatment based on:
In conclusion, Diabetes Insipidus VS SIADH are two different diseases. However, the reason for both disorders is a similar hormone. Where SIADH results from an overabundance of ADH in the body for several reasons, Diabetes Insipidus occurs when ADH is low in the body.
Moreover, in Diabetes Insipidus, due to low levels of ADH, less urine output is made, resulting in higher blood sodium levels, high blood pressure, and dehydration. However, in SIADH, due to an overproduction of ADH, urine output is higher, resulting in low sodium and potassium blood levels and dehydration. However, there are treatments available for both diseases. Book an in-clinic appointment with Saad, MD to get your health in check.