Nasal congestion that just won’t go away? You might have a Sinus infection!
Sinus infection, also known as sinusitis, is a condition that occurs when the tissues lining the sinuses become inflamed or infected. The sinuses are small, air-filled cavities located in the bones around the nose and eyes, and they help to warm, moisten, and filter the air we breathe.
When the sinuses become inflamed or infected, they can become blocked, causing pressure and pain in the face, forehead, or behind the eyes.
But the primary concern is if Sinus infection contagious. The answer lies here.
The Centers For Disease Control and Prevention survey of 2018 shows 28.9 million adults get infected with sinusitis. People, on average, spend approximately $1 billion yearly on over-the-counter medicines to treat sinusitis. People who have underlying diseases are at the most risk of contracting sinusitis.
Most cases of sinusitis are viruses, similar to those that cause the common cold. Bacteria may infiltrate you after contracting a viral sinus infection or cause sinusitis themselves. You may have bacterial sinusitis if your runny nose, stuffy nose, facial discomfort, or sinus infection ear pain persist for longer than ten days. Your symptoms might appear to get better, but they later come back worse than before. For bacterial sinusitis, decongestants and antibiotics typically work well.
A bacterial sinus infection isn’t contagious though a viral sinus infection is contagious.
Fungal-induced sinusitis is a life-threatening and complicated infection. Usually, it affects people with weaker immunity. Fungal-induced sinus infection isn’t contagious.
Your sinuses swell when you get allergies or sinusitis, but for different causes.
If you have allergies, your sinuses and nasal passageways will swell as they attempt to flush out “allergens.” Allergens is a term referring to anything that can cause an allergic reaction.
Allergies or a cold are the most common causes of sinusitis to occur. Bacteria can occasionally, but not frequently, be the source of this illness. Your nostrils and sinuses swell up when you have allergies or a cold. The swelling prevents mucus from clearing out, which causes infection. Sinus issues are more likely to occur if you have allergies because your sinuses become swollen due to allergens.
Allergies, COVID-19, colds, and sinus infection share many of the same symptoms. Sinus infection is contagious similar to the other two conditions. Thus, it becomes challenging to distinguish between them.
The typical cold progresses, swells, and then gradually subsides, lasting from a few days to a week. Sneezing, itchy eyes, a runny nose, congestion, and postnasal drips are symptoms of nasal allergies. (mucus in your throat). They typically don’t result in the same amount of facial pain as sinus infections.
Fever and shortness of breath are additional signs that COVID-19 can produce.
One of the differentiating factors among these is a clogged ear sinus infection. The ear gets clogged due to the clogged sinuses and causes muffled sensations.
Yes. Dizziness is one potential adverse effect of sinus infections. A sinus infection can affect your perception of equilibrium and balance. Therefore, it’s crucial to understand that your ear canals and nasal airways are connected. Hence, problems with the nose may also impact the ears and vice versa.
The fluid build-up in the sinuses blocks the passage for this fluid to drain. This fluid then collects in the ear canal and Eustachian tubes leading to dizziness.
An endoscope is a small device that goes into the nose for imaging purposes.
Your physician might take a fluid sample from your nostril using a soft-tipped stick. They’ll examine it for viruses or other microorganisms that could be the source of your symptoms.
In conclusion, sinusitis is a prevailing infection and affects older people more than children. Sinusitis can be bacterial or viral. However, a sinus infection is contagious when caused by viruses and spreads if the infected person sneezes or coughs. Some preventive measures help reduce the risk of getting sinus infections, like wearing masks, maintaining proper hand hygiene, etc. Sinus infections, however, do not require treatment every time. Although if your doctor may diagnose a bacterial infection, he will prescribe some antibiotics.